How To Grow Avocado Tree From Cutting

Step-by-Step Guide

Growing an avocado tree from a cutting can seem daunting if you’ve never done it before, but it is a surprisingly straightforward process that just requires time and a bit of patience. All you need is a healthy avocado branch, a container large enough to hold it, some seeds, potting soil, and water—no matter your gardening experience, this simple guide will have your avocado tree sprouting before you know it!

First, pick a healthy branch with several leaves and make sure it’s at least six inches long. You should be able to easily snap it off the tree with minimal effort. Cut off any extra leaves, leaving about three or four on the branch.

Next, fill a pot that’s at least two inches deep with potting soil and create a hole in the center. Insert the cutting in the hole and press down the soil around it to ensure it’s firmly seated in the soil. After that, water the soil and make sure that the pot is somewhere warm but not in direct sunlight.

In three weeks or so, you should see that the stem has started to take root. Next, you need to wait for it to grow leaves before you can start fertilising it with an avocado plant food. Keep an eye on the tree as it continues to grow and once it reaches one foot in height, it’s ready for transplanting.

You should also start pruning the avocado tree when it reaches two feet. Trim off any branches that are lower than two feet and be sure to prune it regularly to encourage new growth. Pruning is an essential step that helps the tree grow more fruit.

Knowledgeable Experts

Experts recommend growing an avocado tree from a cutting as it often has a better success rate than growing it from a seed. This is because a cutting will already have a larger root system and will be more resistant to pests and diseases. Even so, experts say that it’s important to always check the cutting for signs of damage and disease before planting. If the cutting has any visible damage or disease, it should be discarded, as the disease may spread to other plants.

Also, experts encourage planting the cutting in a pot with plenty of drainage holes to prevent water stagnation, which may lead to root rot. They also suggest using a soil mixture that’s specifically designed for growing avocados, as this will provide the best conditions for growth. Finally, they recommend giving the tree plenty of water, but also ensuring it gets some sunlight each day to help it flourish and bear fruit.

Include in Garden Design

When planning your garden design, incorporating an avocado tree will add a beautiful touch of greenery. Its lush foliage adds to the aesthetic of any space, be it a garden, balcony, or patio. If carefully looked after, the tree will provide a steady supply of nutritious fruit for you and your family to enjoy. When planted in-ground, the fruit is even more delicious as it can access additional elements and minerals in the soil.

Avocado trees can also bring a lot of wildlife into your garden. From beetles to small birds, a variety of creatures love to make avocados their home. Pay attention to the bird droppings, as they provide essential nitrogen to the soil that helps the tree to grow and form robust fruit.

Aside from their beauty and nutrition, avocado trees can also provide much-needed shade on hot days. Like other trees, they can also reduce air pollution and help in cooling down the atmosphere. Being a deciduous plant, they also naturally help the environment to recharge the groundwater, making them a great choice for those who are hoping to have an eco-friendly garden.

Growing in a Pot

If you have limited space, as is the case with many urban gardens, you can choose to grow the tree in a container. A large pot with drainage holes is ideal as it will give the roots enough room to stretch and grow, plus it’s easy to move the container for cleaning, fertilising, and pruning. It’s also possible to bathe the tree with a hose pipe in the summer and move it to a more sheltered spot in winter.

You can even grow multiple avocado trees in the same container if space is an issue, although you should be aware that it will require more water and more frequent pruning. When planting in a pot, it’s essential to use quality potting soil and make sure the container is an appropriate size.

The main benefit of growing your tree in a container is that it will take up far less space than if it were planted in-ground, so if you’re short on space, a container is the way to go.

Care Tips

Caring for your avocado tree is relatively straightforward as long as you keep on top of fertilising, watering, and pruning. Water the tree regularly to keep the soil moist but never overwater. You should also check the soil frequently to ensure it has the right ratio of water and nutrients. If the soil feels dry, water it, but if it feels damp, wait before watering it again.

You will also need to fertilise the tree on a regular basis with a high-quality avocado plant food. This will help the tree to thrive and form more fruit. Pruning is also essential to ensure the tree is healthy, and you should use sharp secateur or shears for this.

At least once a year, clean off any dead leaves or branches from the tree, as this will help to manage any potential pests. For extra protection, it’s a good idea to spray the leaves and stems with a natural insect repellent such as neem oil.

Insect Control

Insects can become a problem with any type of tree and avocado trees are no exception. The most common pests are aphids, scale, red spider mites, and mealy bugs, but you should also keep an eye out for caterpillars, thrips, and whiteflies. If you spot any of these pests, it’s best to take action quickly and spray the tree with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

If the pest problem seems to be getting worse, you should consider using a pesticide such as pyrethrum or rotenone to completely get rid of the insects. These are strong chemicals, so be sure to use them only as a last resort. If you spot any signs of disease, such as wilting leaves or spots on the stem, you should also take action quickly in order to prevent it from spreading to other plants.

Harvesting and Enjoying Fruit

Depending on the variety of avocado, you should start to see fruit at least three or four years after planting, and it will reach full size in five to seven years. As the fruits ripen, they will turn from green to dark green or black, and they will be lighter and softer to the touch. It’s best to wait until they have fully ripened before harvesting and eating them.

Avocados are incredibly nutritious and are a great source of healthy fats, minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. They are also incredibly versatile in the kitchen and can be used in a wide range of dishes, from salads to soups and sauces. Plus, their creamy, nutty taste pairs well with a variety of flavours, so you can get creative in the kitchen.

Weather Care

Avocado trees don’t tolerate temperatures below 32F or above 97F, so you need to be aware that they must be kept in a warm climate. If you live in a colder area, it’s best to keep the tree indoors during the winter, as the temperature is likely to drop below 32F. Similarly, during hot and humid spells, you need to ensure that the tree has access to enough light and air so that it doesn’t overheat.

Protecting the tree from extreme temperatures is essential, so if you live in an area with a harsher climate, it’s worth investing in a hot box or tunnel to help the avocado tree thrive. Cold weather can also cause the leaves to yellow and drop, so be sure to place the tree in an area that is sheltered from the wind and rain.


Overall, growing an avocado tree from a cutting is a straightforward process, but it requires regular attention and care to ensure it grows properly and produces delicious fruit. With the right soil, nutrients, and care, you can have an avocado tree in your garden that will provide a steady supply of fresh avocados for years to come. Now all you need to do is grab your secateurs and get started!

Gordon Wesson is an environmentalist and author who lives in the Pacific Northwest. He has been writing for many years about topics related to trees, the environment, and sustainability. In particular, he is passionate about educating people on the importance of living in harmony with the environment and preserving natural spaces. He often speaks at conferences and events around the country to share his knowledge with others. His dedication to protecting our planet makes him one of the leading voices in his field today.

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